A Comparative Analysis of Performance Measurement in Youth Workforce Programs.
Kyle Farmbry, Ph.D, Rutgers University - Newark Marc Fudge, Rutgers University – Newark
Along with job training, one of the primary goals of all workforce development programs is to develop methods that will improve the economic conditions of financially and educationally disadvantaged citizens. This paper will comparatively analyze best practiced performance measures of youth workforce programs in the United States along with those in the United Kingdom. Our aim is to examine programs that successfully deliver effective employment and training programs, educational preparation, and develop sustainable employment opportunities.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 is the most recent comprehensive federal legislation aimed at employment training, education and job-skill development for Americans. We believe the issues that have beset programs like the WIA are not unique to the United States and there may be similarities with the Youth Training Scheme (YTS) in Great Britain.
Previous research has discussed the difficulties making cross-country comparisons in similar areas of study. (Bynner & Chilsom, 1998) When comparing youth programs in different countries it is paramount to conceptualize the cultural and policy implications that exist in each. These differences help shape youth programs and our understanding of these variations also allow us to effectively compare the impact of youth programs while understanding that differences exist and by placing the overall effect of the programs in a proper context for careful study.
Through an inspection of various government reports and program data, this paper will examine the impact the national governments have had on youth workforce development and strategies for determining programmatic success.
Additionally, findings from this study will yield important results and provide public officials with information that will allow them to utilize best practices to improve the economic conditions within local communities.
Finally, mindful of cultural and policy differences, we will measure the performance of current youth workforce programs in both countries, what are the inhibiting factors impeding success, and strategies that may be implemented for improved outcomes.
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